Spa Water Safety
The first priority in any hot tub or spa is to have safe and healthy water and secondarily to keep that water clear and inviting. The pool and spa industry typically uses chlorine and bromine to sanitize – to destroy 99% of microorganisms in the water. Nova Spa Water Conditioner is not a sanitizer, but uses similar processes to keep your water clean and safe. Nova Spa is a spa water treatment created for natural spa maintenance.
How Chlorine Works.
Chlorine destroys bacteria though a fairly simple chemical reaction. Chlorine when dissolved in water breaks down into many different chemicals, including hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and hypochlorite ion (OCl-). Free available chlorine (hypochlorous acid) enters through the bacterial cell wall and kills the organism by destroying (oxidizing) the sulfur groups on the cell's enzymes, causing the cell's metabolism to stop, resulting in the cell's death. The difference between HOCl and OCl- is the speed at which they oxidize. Hypochlorous acid is able to oxidize the organisms in several seconds, while the hypochlorite ion may take up to 30 minutes.
Only 10% of the chlorine added to spa water goes on to kill living organisms. The other 90% of the chlorine oxidizes (destroys) waste products in the water. The byproducts of chlorine oxidation are chloramines, which have very little sanitizing ability. Chloramines have a very strong chlorine odor, and they cause nasal and eye irritation. Shocking the water with chlorine will eliminate excessive chloramines, but it requires raising the spa chlorine level to approximately 10 ppm. Then you have to wait till the chlorine drops to 5 ppm before using your spa. So the cycle of adding chlorine to maintain the 1 to 3 ppm and then shocking the spa to remove the chloramines goes on.
How Nova Spa Water Conditioner Works.
Nova Spa Water Conditioner removes the organic materials in the spa water. All bacteria, whether beneficial or pathogenic, require stable food sources to grow and reproduce. If you remove the food sources, the bacteria will starve and die. As food (organic material) becomes scarce, the bacteria have to compete for the remaining food and often will attack each other (protozoas) thus further reducing the number of bacteria. The naturally flocking organic compounds in Nova Spa Water Conditioner gather organic contaminants (oils, lotions, deodorants, sweat, dead skin cells, etc.) that bacteria feed on and remove them through the filter. The formula continues to work for up to three months constantly removing new sources of organics.
Since Nova Spa Water Conditioner is not a sanitizer, minimizing the sources of bacteria and organic materials introduced into the spa, and removing the organics is key to keeping the water clean and healthy. Some additional products are recommended to assist the Nova Spa Water Conditioner in the spa water treatment.
Chlorine free shock (potassium monopersulfate) gives quick results by oxidizing the organics in the water. Chlorine free shock should be used at least once a week or as needed. You can use your spa in as little as 15 minutes after adding Chlorine free shock, but we recommend adding it to your spa after you get out.
Water clarifiers are helpful in removing oils and lotions. Some work by clumping small particles together so the filter can remove them. Enzyme clarifiers break down the contaminants into harmless components like water and carbon dioxide. Water clarifier should be added weekly for maintenance or daily as needed to clean up cloudy water.
Filtration is the final piece. Using the Natural4spas Hose Filter when filling or adding water to your spa will remove metals and minerals that can cause cloudiness, discoloration, or other water quality issues. Good filter maintenance can be achieved by rinsing your spa filter to remove loose materials once a week, and clean your filter with a cleanser once a month by soaking it in the cleanser, rinsing, and allowing to dry before reinstalling it.